This analysis shows more patients achieved a more complete revascularization with Impella than with IABP support during high-risk PCIs (see Figure 1; p for categorical allocation <0.001). Vasileios Panoulas[6], MD, FRCP, PhD, FESC, consultant interventional cardiologist, Royal Brompton and Harefield hospitals, presented this data during EuroPCR 2023, the annual meeting of the European Association of Percutaneous Cardiovascular Interventions (EAPCI), which took place in Paris, France, from May 16-19, 2023.

The PROTECT II Randomized Controlled Trial (RCT), PROTECT III and RESTORE-EF prospective studies were included in this analysis and individual patient data were pooled between these three studies. Coronary artery disease severity was measured pre-PCI using SYNTAX score[7] and post-PCI using residual SYNTAX Score (rSS)[8]. The analysis compared complete revascularization rates, as measured by rSS<2, between high-risk PCI patients who received Impella support (N=880) and IABP support (N=155).

Results of a multiple regression analysis showed a 40% greater reduction of residual SYNTAX Score post-PCI in patients treated with Impella compared to IABP (95% CI 27-50%, p<0.001). Defining complete revascularization (CR) as rSS<2, CR was achieved in 42.2% of Impella patients vs. 20.6% of IABP patients. “When taking study limitations into account, this pooled analysis showcases the potential of Impella to contribute to improved long-term patient outcomes by allowing a greater extent and quality of revascularization,” said Panoulas.

Previous studies have shown that a more complete revascularization is associated with longer patient survival and patients with residual SYNTAX Score >8 were associated with 37% all-cause mortality at five years against 9% for rSS=0 (HR=5.12, 95% CI 3.32-7.90, P<0.001)[9]. In other meta-analyses, rSS=0 was associated with 29% lower all-cause mortality (p=0.001) and 25% fewer major adverse events (p<0.001)[10].

This analysis supports the hypotheses incorporated in the ongoing PROTECT IV RCT. PROTECT IV is an on-label, prospective, multi-center RCT designed to provide the level of clinical evidence needed to achieve a global Class I guideline recommendation for Impella in high-risk PCI in the future.

The pooled data analysis was led by the York Health Economics Consortium (YHEC), an independent research company owned by the University of York (England).